In Australia, cable and satellite providers can simultaneously retransmit the free-to-air channels over their networks as part of their overall service offering, provided they have a Screenrights licence.
The licence fees paid by the cable and satellite providers become retransmission royalties.
When a TV or radio channel is retransmitted, so too are all the films, TV shows, documentaries and other projects on the channel. Screenrights collects information about the programs that are retransmitted and allocates the retransmission royalties to those programs.
Retransmission royalties are triggered when a program being broadcast on a free-to-air channel is simultaneously retransmitted over another network.
A re-broadcast (i.e. a second or third broadcast of a program) is not a retransmission. There are no secondary royalties for re-broadcasts.
There are no secondary royalties for streaming or video-on-demand services. Any royalties payable for S-VOD, T-VOD and A-VOD are typically dealt with in terms of the licensing agreement.